Hygiene

How to maintain healthy teeth and gums

As You know brushing Your teeth daily helps to prevent Your teeth from caries however brushing only  surely won’t guarantee their healthy condition. It may come as a surprise to You but the most frequent cause of the teeth loss with adults is not caries but in fact it is  the  paradontosis

The gums cover and protect the bone tissue that holds Your teeth and these bones might  be compared to building  foundations – when the foundations become  weaker the building may simply fall apart even if its construction remains firm and undamaged .Similarly -  if we don’t take proper care of our gums the bone tissue placed underneath might get attacked by bacteria and completely damaged by the disease.

If the bone tissue doesn’t remain sufficiently resistant and strong to hold the tooth in its place You may lose it even if there were never any cavities.

What may be the cause of the gum disease?

The main cause of the gum disease and caries is plaque – colourless, sticky layer consisting of food debris and bacteria constantly building up on the teeth surface.

These bacteria produce toxins irritating gums and damaging the tooth tissue .The earliest stage of the gum disease is their inflammation. The plaque building up both beneath and above the gum line causes gum swelling .By maintaining proper daily oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups You can efficiently prevent Your teeth from caries ,  gum disease  and periodontitis.

How to recognize the gum disease

You may turn out to be suffering from the gum disease if You notice :  swelling , oversensitivity and  excessive redness of Your gums .Your gums bleed while brushing or flossing .You cannot dispose  of an unpleasant smell in Your mouth .Your teeth are wobbly or move.

What to do if You suspect that You suffer from the gum disease ?

Visit Your dentist who will cleanse  and closely examine Your teeth and gums.

In most of the cases the gum disease diagnosed at its early stage can be fully and quickly  cured .

Remember to clean Your teeth in two stages – first with a proper brush then with a dental floss to reach the areas where your brush may not be able to penetrate.

Do You realize that if You do not use the dental floss You leave up to 40 % of the teeth surface not cleaned  ?

Take about 40cm of the dental floss and wrap it loosely around your middle fingers  then using your thumbs  and forefingers tighten the floss and gently slip it in between the teeth

Be careful not to slide it onto the gums too quickly .Gently move the floss up and down and also below the gum line.

Initially the flossing may seem a little uncomfortable to You but  Don’t give up a because bit of patience and practice will over time make your flossing as natural and easy as brushing .

When I floss my gums tend to bleed – Do I have to stop using the dental floss?

No ,Don’t worry  even if Your gums initially tend to bleed a little?- which by the way happens to be a very frequent  occurrence  it may just be the symptom of the gum inflammation and within a few days it should wear off  as the gum condition improves. If however,  the  bleeding does not stop You should contact Your Dentist immediately.

Which type of a dental floss is best for You ?

Currently there are many different  types of dental floss available on the market. Some of them are waxed some other not waxed and obviously available in various flavours. They are all designed specifically to penetrate the areas between the teeth and beneath the gum line in order to remove the plaque.

Use the kind of floss that corresponds best with Your expectations and needs.

Some of the newest dental flosses are designed to be easier to use so they are more resistant to tattering and easier to slip in between the teeth.

If You wear braces or any prosthetic parts e.g. bridges that make regular flossing harder You might want to test the kind of dental floss that can be slipped through between the teeth thanks to its stiffened ending enabling it to be inserted between the teeth or under the bridge span?

Can the interdental spaces be cleaned only by flossing?

Apart from dental floss there are many other products  that may be used to clean interdental spaces Ask Your Dentist for  help and advice  to chose the best product for You

Interdental brushes

In case there is a need to clean larger interdental spaces ,bridges , braces or implants that is when the interdental brush comes in handy .It is equipped in a little tubular or cone – shaped ending with thin fibers.

Irrigation devices/irrigators

These devices clean gums and interdental areas by means of high pressure water stream. Most of the available models offer water pressure adjustment function  that proves very useful especially when it comes to cleaning those particularly sensitive areas.

These devices can be used with water as well as mouth wash liquids.

Ask Your Dentist for advice whether the irrigators will help You to take better care of your oral hygiene at home.

What is the best time for my children to start using dental floss ?

We start using dental floss  where two teeth are adjacent.

Until the age of seven most children are not yet manually capable enough to clean their teeth properly without the assistance of the adults so they need to be helped with it.

Consecutively we still have to brush and floss children’s teeth afterwards anyway .

We have to control children’s progress until they are fully able to clean their teeth very thoroughly. Remember – the sooner You and your children start flossing together the sooner this activity becomes natural part of everyday’s oral hygiene care.

Oh and one more thing! Remember to always give your children credit for well cleaned teeth!